What is accreditation?
Accreditation verifies the certification body/registrar’s competence. To fulfill the accreditation criteria, an accrediting authority assesses the certification body/registrar to verify that the certification body/registrar complies with existing requirements. This is the authorities’ way of auditing the auditors, such as certification bodies like DNV.
What is third party accredited certification?
Accredited certification of management systems is used to demonstrate compliance to a standard in a trusted way. Using an accredited third party certification body/registrars demonstrates that the auditing company is meets the required quality standard set by the accrediting authority.
Risk Based Certification™ - methodology
Risk Based Certification is our exclusive approach to all management system certification. Knowing where to focus improvement efforts is critical to take control of risk elements that can threaten your business success. Before the audit starts, you provide input on what operational processes are most crucial to your business success. We evaluate how well your management system supports your focus areas.
Our Risk Based Certification approach tailors the process to evaluate your select business risks in addition to compliance with the standard’s requirements. The outcome is still a certificate – if the management system is found compliant – but with added dimension to your improvement journey.
How do I become certified by DNV?
A successful management system is one that is improved on a continual basis. Both your management system and certificate have to be maintained. Therefore, accredited certification consists of a 3-step cycle:
- Initial certification
- Annual maintenance of the certificate.
- Re-certification every 3 years.
1. Input dialogue
To tailor the audit, we need to know what is important to your organisation. We have to get a clear understanding of your business strategy and conditions that affect your ability to reach said strategy. Subsequently 1-3 focus areas on which the audit will focus are identified. The focus areas should be linked to the management system and reflect the risks or opportunities that are most important to you. Agreeing on focus areas is a collaborative effort, and our auditors can help suggest focus areas if necessary. Top management should be involved at this stage.
2. Documentation review
Our lead auditor evaluates your management system documentation. The documentation review report summarizes any findings from this process.
The report indicates if your organisation is ready to proceed with the certification audit. The documentation review can be performed prior to or conducted as part of the initial visit.
3. Initial visit
Before the actual certification audit, we will normally make a preliminary visit to your organisation. The initial visit can be combined with the documentation review. The purpose of the initial visit is twofold:
- To check your readiness for the certification audit, i.e. to review your manual, check procedures, to see your facilities, and briefly check the implementation of your management system.
- To review focus area input and agree on one to three particular focus areas upon which the audit will focus.
Based on this, the scope and audit plan are agreed upon.
4. Certification audit
The certification audit consists of informal interviews, examinations, observations of the system in operation and review of relevant documentation. During this process, we assess your management system’s degree of compliance with the requirements of the elected standard and performance in identified focus areas. When found compliant, we issue the certificate. Findings, including non-conformities, and conclusions are presented at the end of the audit in a closing meeting and included in the audit report. After the audit you need to address and respond to non-conformities within an agreed deadline.
5. Certification decision and issuance of certificate
Our lead auditor will verify that you have properly addressed the nonconformities. Based on a positive outcome, he/she will recommend certification. The certification decision is taken after an independent DNV GL internal review. Following a positive decision you will receive the certificate shortly thereafter.
Annual maintenance of certificate
At this stage you have completed the initial certification and can move on to maintenance of your certification.
The scope of certification may need to be changed during the 3 year certification cycle. In case of expanding the scope the process will restart at section 2 with a documentation review (if needed) and will further follow the normal process from section 4 with a (scope extension) certification audit.
Each issued certificate has a three-year life period. Upon certification, we will create a periodic audit schedule for regular audits over the three-year period. These audits confirm your company’s on-going compliance with specified requirements of the standard while re-evaluating performance in focus areas. At least one periodic audit per year is required.
After the three years are up, your certification will be extended through a re-certification audit.
Suspension or withdrawal of certificates
What happens if an organisation fails to maintain their management system and certification?
DNV has a transparent procedure for suspension or withdrawal of certificates. This is applicable in situations where an organisation persistently and seriously fails to maintain compliance with the management system standard or due to other situations, as defined in the procedure for suspension and withdrawal of certificates.
Who makes the certification decision?
The scope of certification is agreed at an early stage in the certification process. The scope of certification may however need to be expanded or reduced due to factors such as acquisitions, downsizing, adding new divisions etc.
The decision to grant initial certification, renew certification or to expand or reduce the scope of certification, is made by competent and authorized personnel in DNV who are different from those carrying out the audit. This decision is made based on a review of the certification process and associated documentation.
Similar review also applies in cases of suspending or restoring certification or withdrawing the certification.